Show Menu Show Menu Close Menu Close Menu Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter LinkedIn LinkedIn Search Search Contact Contact
Savant Labs
A World of Lubrication Understanding®

ASTM D6793 - Isothermal Secant and Tangent Bulk Modulus

Significance and Use

5.1 Isothermal secant bulk modulus (static bulk modulus) is a property that measures the compressibility of a liquid. The greater the value, the less the compressibility of the liquid.

5.2 Isothermal secant bulk modulus is employed in the design of high performance hydraulic fluid and braking sys-tems. High bulk modulus is desirable in that the response time of a system is faster when applied pressure more directly effects the action of the system rather than in the compression of the working liquid.

5.3 If isothermal secant bulk modulus is known as a function of pressure, the data may be used to calculate isothermal tangent bulk modulus and density as a function of pressure. The data may not, however, be used to determine isentropic (dynamic) bulk modulus. That property is usually determined from velocity of sound measurements and differs

from isothermal bulk modulus by the ratio of Cp/Cv = γ (the ratio of heat capacity at constant pressure to that at constant volume for the test specimen.


l.1 This test method covers the determination of isothermal secant and tangent bulk modulus of liquids which are stable and compatible with stainless steel under the conditions of test.

1.2 This test method is designed to be used over the temperature range from -40 to 200°C and from ambient to 68.95 Mpa (10 000 psig).

NOTE 1—Because of the design of the test apparatus, the upper limit of pressure which can be attained is limited by the bulk modulus of the test fluid. Pressures as high as 68.95 Mpa will not be attained for fluids of relatively low bulk modulus at the test temperature.

1.3 This test method assumes that the user is proficient in the assembly and use of medium pressure (m/p) threaded and coned fittings which are intended for use at pressures up to 137.9 Mpa (20 000 psig).

Extracted, with permission, from ASTM D6793-02 - Isothermal Secant and Tangent Bulk Modulus, copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428. A copy of the complete standard may be purchased from ASTM International,