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ASTM D943 - Oxidation Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oils

Significance and Use

5.1 This test method is widely used for specification purposes and is considered of value in estimating the oxidation stability of lubricants, especially those that are prone to water contamination. It should be recognized, however, that correlation between results of this method and the oxidation stability of a lubricant in field service may vary markedly with field service conditions and with various lubricants. The precision statement for this method was determined on steam turbine oils.

NOTE 1: Furthermore, in the course of testing a lubricant by this method, other signs of deterioration, such as sludge formation or catalyst coil corrosion, may appear that are not reflected in the calculated oxidation lifetime. The subcommittee responsible for this method is investigating the application of alternative criteria for evaluation of lubricants using this test apparatus. Test Method D4310 is now available for sludge measurement.

1. Scope

1.1 This test method covers the evaluation of the oxidation stability of inhibited steam-turbine oils in the presence of oxygen, water, and copper and iron metals at an elevated temperature. This test method is limited to a maximum testing time of 10 000 h. This test method is also used for testing other oils, such as hydraulic oils and circulating oils having a specific gravity less than that of water and containing rust and oxidation inhibitors.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.2.1 Exception—The values in parentheses in the figures are provided for information for those using old equipment based on non-SI units.

1.3 WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.

Extracted, with permission, from ASTM D943-20 - Oxidation Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oils, copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428. A copy of the complete standard may be purchased from ASTM International, astm.org