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ASTM D2596 - Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease-Four-Ball Method

Significance and Use

5.1 This test method, used for specification purposes, differentiates between lubricating greases having low, medium, and high level of extreme-pressure properties. The results do not necessarily correlate with results from service.4

5.2 It is noted that lubricating greases that have as their fluid component a silicone, halogenated silicone, or a mixture comprising silicone fluid and petroleum oil, are not applicable to this method of test.

1. Scope

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the load-carrying properties of lubricating greases. Three determinations are made:

1.1.1 Load-Wear Index (formerly called Mean-Hertz Load),

1.1.2 Weld Point, by means of the Four-Ball Extreme-Pressure (EP) Tester, and

1.1.3 Last nonseizure load (LNSL).

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

Extracted, with permission, from ASTM D2596-20 - Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease-Four-Ball Method, copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428. A copy of the complete standard may be purchased from ASTM International, astm.org